Loading...

Converting from Hyper-V to Azure

When restoring a Hyper-V virtual machine (VM) from backup, the virtual machine can be restored as an Azure VM in the Azure management portal. Conversion is supported only for Hyper-V Generation 1 VMs.

You can use this feature to migrate virtual machines to the Azure cloud.

Before You Begin

  • Before performing backups of source VMs, check whether you meet the following requirements:
    • Create a virtualization client for Azure.
    • Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) must be enabled on the source VM and the user performing the conversion must be able to log on to the VM.
    • For Linux VMs, Hyper-V integration services must be enabled on the source VMs if they will be powered on automatically after conversion.
    • Static network connections are not configured as part of conversion. If a virtual machine is configured to use a static IP address, change the network configuration to use DHCP before performing the backup.
    • Differential disks or checkpoints of virtual machines (files with .avhd or .avhdx extensions) will not be uploaded to Azure. Merge such disks to the original disk before performing the backup.
  • Azure Standard or Premium general-purpose storage accounts are required for VM conversion to Azure.
  • The operating system for the destination VM must be an operating system that is supported for Microsoft Azure.

Commvault Considerations

  • Conversion of virtual machines to Azure is not supported from IntelliSnap snap copies, but is supported from IntelliSnap backup copies.
  • Converting VHDX formatted 4K sectored disks to Azure is not supported.
  • If the AUTO option is selected and the disk operating system type cannot be determined from the configuration file, the job will fail. You can resubmit the job by selecting the proper operating system in the Restore Options for All Selected Items dialog box.
  • The Create and Power ON Virtual Machine option is selected by default. If this option is not selected when the VM is restored, only the operating system disk is registered, and any remaining disks are uploaded to the Azure storage account. In this case, you must recreate the VHDs manually through the Azure management portal by using the Create VHD option on the Disk tab:
    1. For each disk, browse to the storage location and open the disk from which the VHD is to be created. Opening the disk registers it as a VHD so that it can be attached to a new or existing VM.
    2. Select the VM to which the VHD is to be attached, and attach one or more registered VHDs from the storage location.

Azure VM Considerations

  • Before you convert a VM from a non-Azure hypervisor using a "restore as" operation or a Live Sync operation, verify that the source VM meets the requirements for non-endorsed distributions. This verification is important because Linux VMs that are based on an endorsed distribution of Microsoft Azure have the prerequisites that enable them to run on Azure, but VMs that originate from other hypervisors might not. For more information, see Information for Non-Endorsed Distributions.
  • Conversion of Hyper-V generation 2 virtual machines is not supported. A generation 2 VM can be restored as an Azure VM, but the resulting VM is not bootable. For successful conversion results, the source VM must boot using BIOS, because Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) or Extensible Firmware Interface (EFI) boot methods are not supported for Azure. The OS volume must use MBR partitioning rather than GPT.
  • To enable deployment in Azure Resource Manager, define one or more resource groups for the application associated with the Azure virtualization client.
  • The VM name can contain only alphanumeric characters or the hyphen ('-' ) character; the name cannot contain any Unicode Transformation Format (UTF) characters.
  • The RAM and disk specification for the source VM must match the format of the Azure destination VM. For example, if the source VM RAM is less than 1.75 GB and AUTO is selected as the VM size for the conversion, only two disks will be uploaded, because of Azure restrictions.
  • Virtual machines with a VM size of A8 or A9 can  be created only in new Azure cloud services without any instances. You cannot create A8 or A9 VMs in existing cloud services.

Procedure

To access a backup of a Hyper-V virtual machine and create an Azure virtual machine:

  1. From the CommCell Console, expand Client Computers > virtualization_client > Virtual Server > Hyper-V > backup_set.
  2. Right-click the subclient that contains the backup the Hyper-V virtual machine must convert, then select Browse and Restore.
  3. In the Browse and Restore Options dialog box, select Full Virtual Machine.
  4. From the Restore as list next to Full Virtual Machine, select one of the following options:
    • Azure Classic
    • Azure Resource Manager
  5. Click View Content.

    A Client tab shows the contents of the most recent backup for the subclient.

  6. In the left pane, select a virtual machine .

    The configuration and VHDX files for the selected virtual machine are displayed in the right pane.

  7. Click Recover All Selected .
  8. In the Restore Options for All Selected Items dialog box, set the conversion settings:

    Options

    Descriptions

    Azure Subscription

    Specifies the virtualization client created for Azure.

    Destination client

    Specifies the destination client to act as a staging machine. Disk and configuration files for the Azure virtual machine are copied to the job results folder on the staging machine, then uploaded to Azure.

    VM and Disk

    Displays the name of the virtual machine and lists virtual machine disks.

    Change VM display name to

    To avoid overwriting an existing virtual machine with the same name on the Azure management portal, click the first row of the Change VM display name to column, and enter a new name.

    Cloud Services

    (only for Azure Classic)

    Select one of the cloud services created in the Azure management portal from the list.

    Resource Group

    (only for Azure Resource Manager)

    Select the resource group in which the converted virtual machine should be created.

    Storage Account

    Displays the storage account created under the selected cloud services. A different storage account can be selected for each virtual machine and disk.

    The following general-purpose storage accounts are supported for VM conversion:

    • Standard storage
    • Premium storage

    Filter a disk

    To exclude a virtual machine disk, under the Storage account column, select Do Not Attach in the row for the disk . When this option is selected, the specified disk is neither uploaded to Azure nor attached to the created VM.

    Settings

    (only for Azure Resource Manager)

    After selecting the Resource Group, select one or more VMs and click Configure to display the Azure Virtual Machine Configuration dialog box. Any changes you make on this dialog box are applied to all of the selected VMs. The following information is displayed:

    • VM Display Name (if a single VM was selected) - Displays the name of the destination VM. You cannot change the value on this dialog box.
    • Edit Destination VM Name (if multiple VMs were selected) - Select Prefix or Suffix and enter a string that should be appended to all destination VM names.
    • Resource Group - Displays the selected resource group. You cannot change the value on this dialog box.
    • Storage Account - Select the storage account for a virtual machine or disk.

      You can specify any storage account in the same region as the selected cloud service (Classic) or resource group (ARM).

    • VM size - Select a VM size from the list. The VM sizes in the list are those that are available for the resource group you selected.
    • Restore as Managed VM - To restore virtual machines as managed virtual machines, select this check box.

      When you select this option, the restore operation creates virtual machine disks in the specified storage account, and then converts them to managed disks and attaches the disks to the restored virtual machine.

    • Operating System - Match the operating system of the source VM.

    If necessary, you can select the AUTO option to automatically detect the operating system of the source VM.

    The operating system for the destination VM must be an operating system that is supported for Microsoft Azure.

    • Network Interface - Select a network connection for the restored VM. You can specify any subnet in the same region as the selected resource group.

    By default, a public IP address is assigned to Azure Resource Manager virtual machines during restores. If a public IP address is not required on restored VMs, create the nSkipPublicIPconfig additional setting on the VSA proxy that is used for the restore, and then set the value to 1.

    For instructions on adding additional settings from the CommCell Console, see Adding or Modifying Additional Settings from the CommCell Console.

    Property

    Value

    Name

    nSkipPublicIPconfig

    Category

    VirtualServer

    Type

    Integer

    Value

    0 - Disabled (This is the default.)

    1 - Enabled

     

    VM size

    (only for Azure Classic)

    Select one of the following VM size options:

    • AUTO: Size is selected automatically based on the RAM for the source VM.
    • A1:  1 core, 1.75 GB, 2 disks
    • A2:  2 cores, 3.5 GB, 5 disks
    • A3:  3 cores, 7 GB, 9 disks
    • A4:  4 cores, 14 GB, 17 disks
    • A5:  2 cores, 14 GB, 5 disks
    • A6:  4 cores, 28 GB, 9 disks
    • A7:  8 cores, 56 GB, 17 disks
    • A8:  8 cores, 56 GB, 17 disks
    • A9:  16 cores, 112 GB, 17 disks

    Operating System

    (only for Azure Classic)

    Match the operating system of the source VM.

    If necessary, you can select the AUTO option to automatically detect the operating system of the source VM.

    Create and Power ON Virtual Machine

    Select this option to power on the virtual machine in the Azure management portal after uploading disks and completing the conversion. This option is selected by default.

    Unconditionally overwrite VM and VHDs in destination path

    If a virtual machine with the same name exists on the Azure management portal, select this option to overwrite the existing virtual machine.

  9. Click OK.

Post-Conversion Tasks

  • If the source VM had dynamic disks that use simple disk spanning, RAID, striped, or mirrored layouts, after VM conversion, the disks in the converted VM might be marked as Failed in Disk Management. You must bring these disks online manually using Disk Management. To bring the disks back online, perform an Import Foreign Disks operation on the guest VM for the disk group that contains failed disks. You need to import the entire disk group in one operation rather than performing a partial import.
  • After conversion, configure the network connection for the Azure VM.

Last modified: 5/7/2019 9:14:28 PM